Yarmouth, city (1991 pop. 7,781), SW N.S., Canada, on the Atlantic Ocean. It is a port, with exports of lumber, fish, berries, and Irish moss. Manufactures include wood products, iron castings, and textiles.
Yarmouth, a summer resort and tourist center, has two ferry connections with Maine. The region was visited (1604) by Champlain, who named it Cap Fourchu, and it became a French fishing settlement. In 1759 a few settlers came to the site of the city from Yarmouth, Massachusetts, and called it after their former home.
The city was founded in 1761, when a larger group of settlers came from Sandwich, Mass. They were followed by Acadians (1767) from the Grand Pré district and by United Empire Loyalists (1785).
Tourism has been a major industry in Yarmouth since the 1880s when Loran Ellis Baker founded the Yarmouth Steamship Company. Steamship and railway promotion based in Yarmouth created the first tourism marketing in Nova Scotia.. Baker's steamships operated between Yarmouth and Boston until 1900, when the company was purchased by the Dominion Atlantic Railway. The DAR and Halifax and Southwestern Railway offered connections for passengers arriving in Yarmouth with steamship services operating to New York City and Boston. This service continued until the 1950s. Canadian National Railways instituted a ferry service to Bar Harbor, Maine in the 1950s and this was continued by CN Marine and Marine Atlantic until 1997. Access to Yarmouth is primarily by Highway 101 - North Shore, Highway 103 - South Shore, the Yarmouth Airport and The Cat - Bay Ferries: see below. In 1998 operation of the Bar Harbor route was transferred to Bay Ferries Limited which currently operates a high-speed catamaran ferry - HSC The Cat.