Newfoundland is a large island off the northeast coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. Newfoundland is often referred as "The Middle of the North Atlantic", but it is actually more than 1000 km away from it. The island of Newfoundland (originally called Terra Nova) was most likely first named by the Italian John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) in 1497. The province where this island is located was also called "Newfoundland" until 2001, when its name was changed to "Newfoundland and Labrador" (the postal abbreviation was later changed from NF to NL).
Newfoundland is separated from the Labrador Peninsula by the Strait of Belle Isle and from Cape Breton Island by the Cabot Strait. It blocks the mouth of the Saint Lawrence River, creating the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, the world's largest estuary. Newfoundland's nearest neighbour is the small French overseas community of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.
It is 111,390 km2 in area, making it the world's 15th largest island, and Canada's fourth largest island. The provincial capital, St. John's, is found on the southeastern tip of the island. Cape Spear, just south of the capital, is Canada's easternmost point.
The island of Newfoundland has an approximate population of 485 000.
Newfoundland has a dialect of English known as Newfoundland English, a dialect of French known as Newfoundland French, and a dialect of Irish known as Newfoundland Irish.
Sourced with thanks from Wikipedia Newfoundland
Newfoundland and Labrador Tourism
Government of Newfoundland and Labrador
Welcome to Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador Travel, Tourism, Local Literature.
A general travel guide to the province of Newfoundland and Labrador
Tourism Guide - Central Newfoundland Tourism Guide