Monaco is a fairytale independent principality occupying the choicest coastline along the French Riviera. The Genoese built a fortress on the site of present-day Monaco in 1215. The current ruling family, the Grimaldis, secured control in the late 13th century and soon Monaco became the second-smallest independent state in the world (after the Vatican).
Monaco, and its capital Monte Carlo, is a symbol of glamour. The Casino is at the heart of the action - Monégasques do not pay taxes as nearly all their country's revenue comes from tourism and gambling!