The southern part of Butjadingen adjoins Stadland, at Eckwarderhörne - Norderham. Today the cultural landscape of Butjadingen comprises the community Butjadingen and large parts of the town of Nordenham.
The natural environment beside the river Weser is formed by brackish marshes, beside the Jade and along the estuary of the river Weser there are sea marshes. Inland Butjadingen has areas with brackish and sea marshes in different depths and states of development, which reflect its complex natural history. Two barrier beaches developed in the western area of Butjadingen, arching parallel to the coast-line. These were built by succesive phases of sedimentation. The Weser-Uferwall (barrier beach) at the west bank of the Weser lies in a north-south direction.
Butjadingen is situated on the German North Sea coast. It is bordered on the west and southwest by the Jade River and on the east by the Weser River. It forms the northern part of the Wesermarsch district and has a rather low population. The town of Butjadingen is close to Nordenham which geographically is also part of the peninsula Butjadingen.
The peninsula was formed during the Middle Ages when huge floods created today's North Sea coast lines. After the disastrous Second Marcellus Flood on January 13, 1362 (which occurred around the day of Marcelli Pontificis) Butjadingen temporarily became an island.