Albany is located in the Great Southern region of Western Australia, situated around a port on the southern coast.
Its metropolitan area has a population of 25,196 as of the 2006 census, making it the sixth largest city in the state. It is located within the City of Albany local government area.
The city centre of Albany is located between the hills of Mount Melville and Mount Clarence which look down into Princess Royal Harbour. There are many beaches surrounding Albany, with Middleton Beach being the closest to the town centre. Popular beaches include Middleton Beach, Frenchman's Bay and Muttonbird Island.