Nipigon is a township in Thunder Bay District, Northwestern Ontario, Canada, located on the most northern point of Lake Superior and situated along the west side of the Nipigon River and south of the small Lake Helen running between Lake Nipigon and Lake Superior. The bay is situated to the north and has several islands. Lake Nipigon is located about 20 to 30 km north of Nipigon. Nipigon is passed by the Trans-Canada Highway (Highway 17) and forms a T-junction with Highway 11 and is joined with Highway 17 westward. The Canadian Pacific rail runs through Nipigon. Other rail links point to Marathon, Ontario, which is also run by Canadian National.
The chief industries in Nipigon are forest products, fishing, and tourism.
Nipigon is the ideal setting off point for fishing excursions onto Lake Superior and the Nipigon River System leading up to Lake Nipigon.
Fish varieties common to this area include Atlantic Salmon, Lake Trout, Specked Trout (The Worlds largest Speckled Trout was caught in the Nipigon River in 1916, weighing in at 14.5lb (6.6Kg)), Rainbow trout, Walleye, Northern Pike and Perch. There are a number of Charter companies who cater to groups with skippers who have a profound knowledge of the waters and can usually land anglers right on top of the fish.
Nipigon is surrounded with pine and other variety of forests. The power line connecting hydro from Lake Nipigon supplies electricity to Thunder Bay and area. The other power line runs between Thunder Bay and the rest of Ontario.