Ishigaki is an island west of Okinawa HontÅ and the second-largest island of the Yaeyama Island group. It is also the name of the main and only city on the islands. The city functions as the business and transport center of the archipelago. Ishigaki Airport is the largest airport in the Yaeyamas and Japan's largest third-class airport.
Ishigaki Island, like the rest of Okinawa, takes cultural influences from both Japan and China due to its location between China and mainland Japan.
As of 2008, the city has an estimated population of 46,489 and the density of 203 persons per km². The total area is 229.00 km².
Ishigaki was originally founded in 1908 as Yaeyama Village, an amalgamation of the Ishigaki, ÅŒhama, and Miyara magiri. In 1914 it was renamed to Ishigaki Village, and grew to become Ishigaki Town in 1926. It became a city on July 10, 1947.
Japan administers the disputed Senkaku Islands as a part of Ishigaki City.
Ishigaki boasts world-class kitesurfing, and ranks as the favorite kitesurfing destination of numerous professional Japanese kitesurfers.
A tsunami of record height occurred on Ishigaki island in 1771.
Ishigaki Airport serves the island.