The area is 185 km² and the coastline is 78 km. The highest hills are the "Hinrichsberg" (27.2 m) and the "Wulfener Berg" (26.5 m)
Since 1963 Fehmarn has been connected to the German mainland by a road and rail bridge crossing the Fehmarn Sound Bridge. It is 963.40 m long and 69 m high.
The Fehmarn Belt, a strait separating Fehmarn from Lolland, is located on the side opposite to Germany. It can be crossed by ferries travelling between the seaports of Puttgarden, Germany, and Rødbyhavn, Denmark. The crossing takes about 45 minutes.
On 29 June 2007, the Danish and German authorities gave the go-ahead for the Fehmarn Belt bridge project, planned for completion in 2018.
The largest community on Fehmarn is Burg, with 6000 inhabitants. In addition, there are many small villages. The coasts serve as resting places for migratory birds, and it is thus a paradise for ornithologists. In Burg there is a large aquarium with 40 fish tanks.
Fehmarn is famous for its nature and recreation areas, especially during summer times (July-September) and is also well known for its Windsurf and Kitesurf spots. Currently there are more than ten Surfspots known on the island.
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